The headlines on medication errors are numerous. “Hospital Medication Error Kills Patient in Oregon,” is one such headline whereby a patient died from being given the wrong medication. Not all medication errors result in death, but over 700,000 emergency department visits annually are attributed to adverse drug events or injuries resulting from the use of medications according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

It is for this reason that nursing and patient education pertaining to medication safety is extremely important. Before noting the solutions, it is important to gain a solid understanding of the federal regulations governing the medication administration. The federal regulations pertaining to the safety of medication administration can be found in the state operations manual of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, which notes that any personnel administering medications must confirm the following prior to each administration:

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